Improving Health From The Inside Out
The Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute is an integrated group of clinical and basic scientists dedicated to understanding the impact of digestive health and nutrition on disease across the life span.
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News and Announcements
This year's Canadian Digestive Diseases Week (CDDW 2015) was well attended by members of the Farncombe Institute. The meeting program was packed with great talks and posters as well as some time for networking. See more here.
Scientific American discusses the work of Drs. Bercik and Collins on the gut-brain axis
In their in-depth segment on Innovation in the Microbiome, Scientific American discusses the role of gut microbes in mental health. The work of Farncombe members Dr. Premsyl Bercik and Dr. Stephen Collins on how the microbiota within the gut can affect personality is highlighted. See the article here.
High levels of circulating serotonin linked to obesity and metabolic diseases
The bulk of the body's serotonin is found not in the brain but instead 95% of it circulates peripherally. In a new study coauthored by our own Dr. Waliul Khan, and published in Nature Medicine, high levels of serotonin in the gut have been found to reduce the metabolic activity of brown fat thus lowering the basal metabolic rate.They also found that a high-fat western diet triggered higher levels of circulating serotonin but that blocking the tryptophan hydroxylase (Tph1) enzyme that produces serotonin protected mice from high levels of obesity and fatty liver disease despite a high-fat diet. See coverage of this story on the CBC and the McMaster Daily News.
To Note ...
Drs. Ratcliff and Holloway receive funding from the Broad Foundation
Dr. Elyanne Ratcliff along with Dr. Alison Holloway were recently awarded the AGA-Athena Troxel Blackburn Research Scholar Award in Neuroenteric Disease to work on antidepressant use in pregnancy and risk of intestinal inflammation in the offspring.
Christina Hayes receives honourable mention from Canadian Digestive Diseases Week (CDDW) 2015 for her work on the role of the microbiota on maturation of intestinal barrier structure and function.
Dr. Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez recieves third poster prize at the Falk Sumposium 2014 for her work on the improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms and motility in non-celiac gluten-sensitive patients after a gluten-free diet.
Farncombe faculty receives CFI infrastructure funding to study human colon function
Dr. Jan Huizinga has been awarded Canadian Foundation for Innovation funding through the John R. Evans Leadership Fund to support work on human colon function. Specifically the funding will allow him to set up the equipment necessary to measure motility at 84 locations along the colon, giving fine scale information about gut function in health and disease. See the announcement here
We're very proud to announce the many trainees who have received awards this year. Alberto Caminero and Giada DePalma were awarded CIHR/CAG postdocotral fellowships, Fiona Whelan was awarded two prestigious scholarships from CIHR and Cystic Fibrosis Canada and Justin McCarville was honoured by the Canadian Celiac Association. Read full details on trainee awards.
Alberto Fernandez receives an EBMO Fellowship
Congratulations to Alberto Caminero who was awarded a fellowship by the European Molecular Biology Organization (EBMO) to visit Dr. Elena Verdu's lab to work on the gluten metabolic activity of bacteria isolated from the human small intestine.
Dr. Stephen Collins has been appointed as a Fellow to the Royal Society of Canada
Congratulations to Stephen Collins on being elected as a Fellow to the Royal Society of Canada. This was awarded in recognition for the work he has done in advancing GI research in improving our understanding of functional and inflammatory bowel disease. Well deserved Steve!
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